Desired Effects:Varied. Many substances will have stimulant or hallucinogenic effects or a combination of both.
Side Effects:Varied. See individual substances for more information, if available.
Long term risks:Very little controlled research is available for these substances and therefore side effects and possible dangers are not yet fully known. Even if a substance is sold as 'legal' or 'herbal' does not mean that it is safe for consumption. Deaths have been reported as a result of using these substances.
Risks may include confusion, drowsiness, Paranoia, manic behaviour, panic, heart attack, Coma, seizures and death. Experimenting with these substances is risky as no-one can be certain what they are taking or how they will react. See individual substances for more information, if available.
Short term risks:
Changes to the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, now controlling the NBOMe compounds (Class A) and the benzofuran compounds (Class B) use a generic definition from June 2014, which means that a range of chemicals, including their simple derivatives, can be controlled. Therefore any current, future or foreseeable substances that are created from these chemical compounds will also be controlled under the Act.
Mephedrone and NRG1 (Naphyrone) have become Class B drugs under the Misuse of Drugs Act.
In addition, these chemicals may contain other substances which could be more dangerous in combination or could be illegal to posses. Some drugs sold as 'legal' actually have been found to contain one or more substances that are illegal. Many can also look very similar to other illegal drugs, such as Cocaine, so if the police find one of these substances in your possession they are entitled to confiscate it for testing, detain you or even arrest you.
Suppliers consequently market them labelled as plant food, bath crystals, research chemicals, or pond cleaner in order to disguise their recreational use and get around the drug laws. Some substances may not yet be controlled by the Misuse of Drugs Act, but may be controlled under the Medicines Act.
Slang Names include: Benzofury, Bounce, Charge, Chicken Powder, Dimitri, Dr. Death, Drone, Frenzy, Ivory Wave, Killer, M-Kat, N-Bomb, Pink Ecstasy, Rave, Sparkle, Red Mitsubishi, White Magic, White Pearl, Woof-Woof, Vanilla Sky, 5-IT, 7-Up and many many more.
Synthetic cannabinoids are chemicals that are made to act like the active part of cannabis, slang names include Spice, Black Mamba and Blue Cheese amongst others.
Parents & other relatives
Many drug agencies also provide lots of advice and support to parents, family members and partners of people using drugs. They may provide relative support groups or advice, guidance and counselling on a one to one basis.