Desired Effects:Include euphoria, decreased inhibition, relaxation. Because it promotes growth hormone secretion, some bodybuilders use it to increase muscle mass. The effects can last from 1.5 to 3 hours, or even longer if large doses have been consumed or if it is mixed with alcohol.
Side Effects:Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, disorientation, agitation, visual disturbances, short-term memory loss.
- Overdose, coma and death are real risks with GHB and GBL.
- GHB, when sold as a solution varies in concentration, so it is very difficult to judge how strong it is, and you can't rely on what you may have been told. So you can't be sure how much will give the desired effect and the amount which leads to overdose and coma.
- Always start with a very small amount; people have ended up coming round in hospital after swigging from the bottle directly.
- Use small amounts and do not mix with other drugs especially alcohol; GHB & GBL are both depressants so a very little alcohol combined with them can have powerful negative effects.
- GHB and GBL can have a significant effect on our senses, coordination and thinking which means that you can also be vulnerable to accidents or assaults.
- Stay with friends to avoid being in a vulnerable position on your own.
- Do not take drinks from strangers, or leave glasses unattended because someone might spike your drink; GHB and GBL have been linked to drug assisted sexual assault.
- If someone is suffering bad effects like vomiting, convulsions, unconsciousness - put them in the recovery position and call for medical assistance immediately.
Long term risks:Possibility of physical and psychological dependence, and withdrawal after continual use.
Short term risks:Overdose, convulsions, coma or respiratory collapse. Despite these rapid recovery is usual and there have been no recorded deaths solely from GHB. Using in combination with other drugs, particularly alcohol increases the risks and can prove fatal. GHB has been implicated in a number of drug assisted rapes when mixed into alcohol.
Parents & other relatives
Drug agencies also provide lots of advice and support to parents of people using these drugs. Many street agencies can provide relative support groups or counselling for family members, partners etc.